In early bills allowing for same-sex marriage were passed by legislatures in Maryland and Washington state. Many Americans felt that the Hawaii court decision represented a serious threat to social stability, and in the U. By the following decade, polls indicated that roughly one-half of British citizens approved of legalizing same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom ; such marriages were legalized in England and Wales in , and Scotland followed suit in In the Federal District Mexico City , separate from other Mexican jurisdictions, legalized same-sex marriage. Although same-sex marriage has been regulated through law, religion, and custom in most countries of the world, the legal and social responses have ranged from celebration on the one hand to criminalization on the other. The court noted the change in thinking, stating:
By the end of , the number of states where such marriages were legal had reached 35—more than twice as many as at the beginning of the year. Scholars and the general public became increasingly interested in the issue during the late 20th century, a period when attitudes toward homosexuality and laws regulating homosexual behaviour were liberalized, particularly in western Europe and the United States. Gay and lesbian couples now have the right to marry, just like anyone else. Cultural ideals of marriage and sexual partnership Perhaps the earliest systematic analyses of marriage and kinship were conducted by the Swiss legal historian Johann Jakob Bachofen and the American ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan ; by the midth century an enormous variety of marriage and sexual customs across cultures had been documented by such scholars. Same-sex marriage around the world The table provides a list of countries that have legalized same-sex marriage, as well as selected countries that offer some other legal status for same-sex couples. Among groups who feel strongly that same-sex marriage is problematic, there is also a tendency for the legal relationships of spouses, parents, and children to converge. Most Christian denominations opposed it, while the United Church of Christ , the United Church of Canada , and the Religious Society of Friends Quakers took a more favourable stand or allowed individual churches autonomy in the matter. Many countries have yet to reach a consensus on these issues. Cultures that openly accepted homosexuality, of which there were many, generally had nonmarital categories of partnership through which such bonds could be expressed and socially regulated. Hinduism , without a sole leader or hierarchy , allowed some Hindus to accept the practice while others were virulently opposed. New Zealand became the first country in Oceania to do so. As countries began to legalize same-sex partnerships, public opinion , particularly in Europe, began to shift in favour of full marriage rights for same-sex unions. This legislation declared that same-sex marriages would not be recognized for federal purposes, such as the award of Social Security benefits normally afforded to a surviving spouse or employment-based benefits for the partners of federal employees. The state, in turn, argued that it had a compelling interest in preventing same-sex marriage, as that practice would inherently damage the public good. The justices ruled in Obergefell v. The act also restated existing law by providing that no U. In December the U. In the early 21st century, however, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism all spoke with more than one voice on this issue. Thereafter, South Africa and Argentina were the first African and Latin American countries, respectively, to legalize same-sex marriage. Opposition arguments broadly reflected the procreative position and frequently invoked biblical exegeses or other religious doctrine to support claims that marriage, strictly defined, should be available only to heterosexual couples. In the Federal District Mexico City , separate from other Mexican jurisdictions, legalized same-sex marriage. Obama says the ruling "will strengthen all of our communities" by offering dignity and equal status to all same-sex couples and their families. Constitution guaranteed the fundamental right to marry. Nevertheless, in other parts of Europe, particularly central and southern Europe, support for same-sex marriage was quite low, often with fewer than one-fifth of those polled favouring legalization. Attorney General Eric Holder announced that those marriages would be recognized by the federal government, and in February he introduced a Department of Justice policy to grant equal protection and treatment to all lawful marriages in the United States.
Video about states same sex marriage is legal:
Supreme Court Rules Same-Sex Marriage Legal Nationwide
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